Abyaneh, a Diamond in the Heart of a Mountain
It is believed that Abyaneh dates back to thousand-and-five hundred years ago. This historical and the oldest village located in Iran attracts numerous native and foreign tourists each year. In this article, Abyaneh will be introduced to you.
Abyaneh Village is located in Barzrud Rural District, Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2016 census, its population was 301 in 147 families. It is located 40 km northwest of Natanz and 80 km southwest of Kashan in a valley. This fantastic village enjoys a moderate and dry climatic condition. In winter, it is raining and snowing. However, in the summer, there is usually no rain in the area.
Abyaneh Living and Lifestyle
The people of Abyaneh emphasis on keeping their traditions and customs alive. When you reach Abyaneh, you can meet people in traditional clothes.
The men usually wear robe, a black baggy pants, felt hat, and giveh (a kind of soft and comfortable, hand woven-top shoe which is common in several parts of Iran).
The women also wear white scarf with colorful patterns, a long embroidered shirt in various designs and colors, and an under-knee skirt.
People’s income are of agriculture, horticulture and animal husbandry, which are governed by traditional methods. Most women work with men in economic affairs. Wheat, barley, potatoes and fruits such as apples, plums, pears, plum, almonds and walnuts are produced in Abyaneh.
Abyaneh is considered as one of the most exceptional villages in Iran due to its history, tradition, and architecture. The architecture is unique as if you can see a four-floor village. The buildings’ façades are covered with red soil, whose mine is adjacent to the village.
Most monuments in Abyaneh date back to the Sassanid, Seljuk, Safavid, and Qajar periods. Among the most important attractions of Abyaneh, the following can be mentioned:
- Abyaneh Fire Temple is the oldest historical monument in Abyaneh. The fire temple of Abyaneh is an example of Zoroastrian temples built in mountainous communities.
- Abyaneh Mosques. There are about eleven mosques in this village. The oldest one is Jameh Mosque, built in 466 AH, which has a wooden Menbar that enjoys Monabat, an Iranian art.
- Abyaneh Castles are three. Haman Takht is located in southwest of Abyaneh. This castle was built about 200 years ago. Herdeh is located in northeast of the village and belongs to herded neighborhood. Paleh is located in northwest of Abyaneh. These castles were constructed to protect people.