Shushtar and its Historical Hydraulic System
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System is a famous structure. Shushtar is located in Khuzestan Province, Iran. It was the summer capital during Sassanian era. This island city is near Karun river and in fact this river was channelled to form a moat around the city. The fortress walls unfortunately were destroyed at the Safavid era. However, it is registered by UNESCO in 2009. This ancient fortress city traced back to Darius (5th century) is famous because of its hydraulic system.
It had the first dam bridge in Iran. The architecture forms cliffs from which water falls into a downstream basin. The water is used for planting of orchards in the south of the city. It also can serve an area of 40,000 ha of Minab for farming.
The Shushtar historical Hydraulic System is outstanding for its diversity of civil engineering structures as well as its uses as urban water supply, mills, irrigation, river transport, and the defensive system. This system developing during ancient times can be considered as a sustainable system; it is in harmony with nature and man-made environment.
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