One of the most elegant architectural of Zand dynasty is Zandiyeh Complex located in Shiraz, as the capital of this dynasty. It contains Arg-Karim Khan, Vakil Bath, Vakil Mosque, Vakil Bazaar. They were named after Karim Khan, the founder of Zand dynasty who ruled from 1751 to 1779, and served as his living quarters.
This large and lofty rectangular fortress with its approximately 14-m high circular towers was built in the early of Zand period in an area of 4000 m2. The citadel consisting of four high walls (about 12 m) is the combination of both military and residential architecture as it serves as Karim Khan’s military center and home. This citadel was used as a prison at times and now it is a museum. It is famous for its design, beautiful courtyard, the interesting tile work, etc.
As an old public bath, Vakil Bath, is located in the west of Vakil Mosque. It also served as a place for social activities. This can be considered as a unique bath due to its symmetrical architecture. The paintings on the walls and ceilings are of best kinds. The light comes through small windows embodied in the ceiling.
This mosque, built between 1751 and 1773, covers an area of 8,660 m2. It has two iwans in northern and southern sides which are decorated with beautiful Shiraz’s haft rangi tiles showing Iranian art. Its shabestan or prayer hall consist of 48 monolithic pillars with an area of 2,700 m2.
Vakil bazaar, with its cruciform structure, is built in 11th century as part of a plan to make Shiraz into a prominent trading center for tourists and merchants as well as locals. You can find anything from rugs and antiques to Persian sweets there. Due to its gorgeous vaulted brick ceiling (that regulates its temperature in different seasons) it considered as one of the most beautiful bazaars in Iran.
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